Equine, Racing, and Gaming Concentration
With the considerable expansion of and growing interest in the international equine, racing and gaming industries, Albany Law School offers a new and comprehensive program in Equine, Racing and Gaming law, the only one of its kind in the nation.
The Saratoga Institute for Equine, Racing, and Gaming Law offers an array of courses covering equine law, racing regulations and gaming industry law, coupled with courses such as administrative, insurance, employment and tax law to prepare highly-qualified students for these burgeoning areas of law.
Specialized coursework allows our students to master complex regulatory law and administrative hearing concepts while internships and placements provide hands-on opportunities for skills practice. Students graduating from the program are poised to become industry leaders in the private sector and government agencies.
24 credits, with at least 16 credits from the following courses:
Examines fundamental and practical issues of federal and New York administrative law. Deals with the scope of power of administrative agencies and the relationship of such agencies to other branches of government.
Discusses formation and organization of basic business organizations. Examines structure, finance, management, and control of business enterprises; rights and liabilities of owners, fiduciaries, and third parties; shareholder informational rights, shareholder suits and issuance of shares; and introduces problems of close corporations and state statutory and administrative regulations.
This course will cover the regulatory schemes that control horse sports including racing and show horses. Topics will include: state racing regulations and how state racing commissions oversee the racing industry; rules covering insurance with respect to both racing and sport horses; international and national entities’ regulation of horses involved in sports other than racing; and regulation of equine medication.
Pre-requisite – Administrative law
This course will cover legal issues common to all equine business endeavors including: equine activity statutes; tort liability for personal injury; care and custody liability for horses; contracts of sale, training, and employment; syndications; taxation; and property use.
This course will cover the state and federal regulatory schemes that control virtually every aspect of the gaming industry. Coursework will include regulations controlling the licensing process for facilities and personnel, financing, regulation of gaming machines, and betting platforms and customer interactions.
Pre-requisite – Administrative law.
Examines topics related to conduct of international business: international private trade, U.S. and international regulation of trade, international private investment, international financial markets, international regulation of monetary affairs, and dispute resolution.
No more than 8 of the 24 credits from the following courses:
Introduces the field and discipline of financial accounting. This course seeks to acquaint the non-financial student with the general purposes of accounting and the role of independent accountants in business and society. Intended for lawyers who have a non-financial background, the student will be introduced to the mechanics and terminology of financial accounting and will learn the basic principles and procedures of accountancy in the preparation of financial statements. With this foundation, the student will learn the purpose behind each of the individual financial statements and how to analyze and interpret the financial statements.
Covers principles and operation of the Sherman Act, Clayton Act and Federal Trade Commission Act and their effect upon conduct, as opposed to structure, of American industry. Examines issues of price fixing, boycotts, exclusive dealing, territorial allocation, tie-ins, franchise terminations, and governmental immunity for anti-competitive regulations.
This course will introduce students to the legal principles, mechanics, and strategy of appellate advocacy, focusing largely on criminal cases. Students will learn about jurisdiction, finality, preservation of error, harmless error, standards of appellate review, the ethical responsibilities of appellate counsel, issue identification, drafting a statement of facts, constructing a legal argument, and oral argument. Using the record of an actual criminal trial, each student will brief and orally argue the appeal, for either the defendant or the prosecution.
This course surveys various areas of law that are important to businesses and their advisors, including: choosing the correct form of business entity, including tax and governance issues;licenses and permits; raising capital through equity and loans; business insurance; employment law; employee benefits; development and protection of intellectual property;and securities law issues. Paper course.
Auditing allowed; Paper can be used for writing requirement. Faculty approval.
Refers to a collection of statutory and common law recognized causes of action that arise out of business competition. Surveys these causes of action and analyzes them in the context of providing a source of protection to a business which is subject to potential economic harm from competitors, employees, suppliers, and others. Coverage will include false advertising, business defamation and disparagement, interference with contractual and prospective business relationships, misappropriation of trade values such as ideas, trade secrets, publicity rights, and misrepresentation. Prohibitions against unfair and deceptive practices under the Federal Trade Commission Act will also be covered. Trademark issues fall outside the coverage of this course. Not open to students who have taken Unfair Trade Practices.
Studies problems in cases having contact with two or more states or nations. Course has three basic components: jurisdiction, choice of law, and recognition and enforcement of sister-state and foreign judgments.
This course is designed to familiarize students with the matrix of legal protections available to employees and employers from the hiring process to the termination of the employment relationship. It encourages students to examine common law and statutory rights of the parties while considering policy implications of the employment law system. The substantive areas to be covered include hiring/firing, wages, hours, and benefits, conditions of employment, employment security, and occupational health and safety. Unlike labor law which can be roughly organized around one federal statute (National Labor Relations Act), employment law is found in hundreds of separate cases and statutes.
Explores the foundational principles and doctrines governing the legal and political relationship between the United States, the states, and Indian tribes. Examines the history of federal Indian law and policy, tribal property rights, congressional plenary power, the trust doctrine, tribal sovereignty, and jurisdiction in Indian Country. Focuses on current issues in Indian Law, including gaming, reservation economic development, fishing and hunting rights, cultural resource protection, and tribal rights in natural resources.
Provides an introduction to immigration and naturalization policies in the United States. Considers constitutional, statutory, and regulatory authorities confronting individuals and society. Students learn to navigate the complex regulatory framework to resolve basic immigration problems.
Focuses on statutes and decisions governing transfer and risk distribution of potentially harmful events. Examines contract law and considers the business of insurance from the standpoint of regulators, courts, insurers and consumers.
This course will explore the role of intellectual property in business, addressing legal strategies, problems and opportunities related to founding, expanding, and terminating business organizations. The course will also focus on IP issues that commonly arise in the development, marketing and licensing of products. Much of the learning will be centered around business case studies. There will be group exercises and class presentations during the semester that will count toward a portion of the final grade. One exercise related to negotiations and licensing will allow for collaboration with business school students from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The final exam will be in take-home format.
Surveys federal income tax law, especially as it relates to taxation of individuals.
Examines legal techniques for public regulation of the use of land. Casebook has a national focus, but additional focus is placed on the New York planning and zoning enabling statutes, which were extensively revised in the 1990s.
Students may choose one of the following skills course:
Examines methods other than trial for resolving disputes. Covers negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and group facilitation. Emphasizes practical skills, policy analysis, and theoretical considerations.
Provides 25 hours of training equivalent to the New York State Unified Court System training program for community mediators. Prepares students to serve as court-affiliated mediators and to counsel clients more effectively regardless of their area of law.
Introduces negotiation skills, offering hands-on experience preparing for and negotiating legal issues.
Exposes students to a progression of pretrial skills necessary to represent a client from client interview up to the actual trial. Students are assigned to represent either the plaintiff or the defendant in a simulated case and take the case through every stage of the pretrial process. Students conduct a client interview, perform informal fact investigation, draft a complaint and an answer, serve interrogatories and answers to interrogatories, conduct a deposition and draft a Motion for Summary Judgment and memorandum of law based on the discovery that they have done. Students are required to attend a weekly on-hour lecture and participate in a two-hour lab where pretrial skills are practiced.